Sheikhul Hadith, Hadhrat Moulana Zakariyya Kandhalwi Rahmatullahi Alaihi writes in The Mashaikh Of Chist,
Hadhrat Abdullah Bin Shikh-kheer Radhiyallahu Anhu says,
“I Came to Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) and found him in Salaat. On account of crying a sound like the boiling of a kettle was emitting from his breast”
Hadhrat Abdullah Bin Mas’ud Radhiyallahu Anhu narrates:
“Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam once said to me, ‘Recite for me the Quraan.’
I said, ‘O Rasulullah! It was revealed to you. How can I recite it to you?
He said, ‘My heart desires to hear it from you.’
In obedience to the command, I started to recite Surah Nisaa’
When I reached the verse,
How would it be, then when We shall bring a witness from every community and shall bring you over them as a witnessChapter 4 Surah Nisaa; Verse 41
According to the Ulama, there are several reasons for crying:
- On account of the benefactor’s kindness and favour
- Because of pain, worry, hardship, oppression
- Crying because of Taubah. Tears flow on account of the remorse for having committed transgression.
- Hypocritical crying. Such crying is to deceive people or to create the idea of one’s piety.
- Customary crying such as on the occasion of a death, People are either paid to cry or they cry gratis. This is merely to uphold custom (which is in vogue in some communities)
- Crying in sympathy when another is seen crying
Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam’s crying was generally the result of love or mercy or fear for the Ummah or out of fear or love for Allah Ta’laa.
I have observed all my seniors crying much during Namaaz and Thikr. I had the occasion of frequently seeing two buzrugs sobbing profusely – my father and Hadhrat Aqdas Shaikhul Islam Moulana Madani. Sometimes I was roused from my sleep because of their sobbing.
I have heard that the sound of sobbing of Imaam Rabbani at the time of Zhur when he would engage in Thikr or Tilaawat, could be heard outside his room.
The Mashaikh of Chist (Translated by Majlisul Ulama Of South Africa)