In which Para (Juz) is Surah Faatihah?

A questioner once asked: “Surah Faatihah is part of which para? Sometimes it is written in ‘Amma para (30th juz) and sometimes in the Alif laam meem para (1st juz)?”

Mufti Sahib: In which hadeeth is it clearly mentioned that this is the first, second or third para? Is there any mention of different paras in the hadeeth?

Questioner: No. There is no mention of it in the ahaadeeth.

Mufti Sahib: Why then are you asking about a portion of a para when there is no explicit mention of the paras? If you have to ask anyone, then ask Jalaal-ud-Deen Mahalli as to where did he place Surah Faatihah in Jalaalain.

Questioner: It is said that he started his tafseer from Surah Kahf and on completing the thirtieth para he started with Surah Faatihah in order to complete the remaining fifteen paras. However, he passed away before accomplishing his ambition and was only able to complete the rafseer of Surah Faatihah. That is why people have placed his tafseer of Surah Faatihah at the end together with the tafseer of the last para.

Mufti Sahib: Those who came later mentioned the above. Ask Jalaal-ud-Deen Mahalli as well. Jalaal-ud-Deen Suyooti, who was a high-ranking mufassir (commentator) had accomplished the completion of the tafseer.3 Jalaal-ud-Deen Mahalli had written the tafseer from Surah Kahf upto Surah Nas and thereafter Surah Faatihah. However he then passed away. Jalaal-ud-Deen Suyooti then compiled the tafseer of the first half of the Qur’aan (i.e. from Surah Faatihah upto Surah Kahf) in such a manner that it is difficult to distinguish that this is a tafseer written by two mufassirs. This Tafseer-e-Jalaalain is part of the Dars-e-Nizami (the syllabus used in the Darul Ulooms) and holds an important position.

(For further details refer to Ahsan-ul-Fataawa, vol 1, pg 486)

Malfoozat of Faqeehul Ummat- Mufti Mahmood Gangohi Rahmatullahi Alaihi

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