12 Points: Salaat of the Sick

  1. Under no condition should salaat be left out. As long as the person has the strength to stand up and offer his salaat, he should stand up. If he cannot stand,  he should sit down and offer his salaat. He should make his ruku while sitting. After the ruku, he should go down for the two sajdas. He should make the ruku in such a way that his forehead comes in line with his knees.
  2. If he is unable to make ruku and Sajdah aswell, he should make them by gestures (ishaara) and he should bow down a little further for the sajdahs.
  3. It is not good to keep a pillow or any other high object in order to make Sajdah on it. If a person  is unable to make Sajdah, he should make it through ishaarah- there is no need to make sajdah on a pillow.
  4. If a person has the strength to stand up and offer his salaat but there is a lot of difficulty in doing this, or he fears that his sickness will get worse, it is still permissible for him to sit down and offer his salaat.
  5. A person can stand up, but is unable to go into ruku or sajdah. If he wishes, he could stand up and thereafter make his ruku and sajdahs through ishaarah. Alternatively, he could sit down and make his ruku and sajdahs through ishaarah.  However, it is better to sit down and offer his salaat.
  6. If a person does not have strength to sit, he should lie down with a pillow or large cushion behind him in such a way that his head is raised quite high- in fact close to the sitting position. His legs should be stretched towards the Qibla. If he has some strength he should not stretch them, instead, he should raise his knees. He should then offer his salaat by making ishaarah and the ishaarah for the sajdas should be lower. If he cannot lie down by having a pillow or cushion behind him in such a way that his head and chest can face the qiblah, he should stretch his legs towards the qiblah and lie flat on his back. However, he should place a pillow under his head so that at least his face could be in the direction of the qiblah and not facing the sky. He should then offer his salaat through ishaarah, and the ishaarah for the sajdahs should be slightly more then the ishaarah for the ruku.
  7. If a person does not lie flat on his back, but instead lies on his left or right side while facing towards the qiblah and makes ruku amd sajdah with the ishaarah of his head, then this is also permissible. However,  it is better to lie flat on the back.
  8. If the person does not have the strength to even make ishaarah with his head, he should not offer salaat. If this condition remains for more then 24 hours, he will be completely excused from offering salaat and will not have to make qadha after recovering from his sickness. But if this condition did not last for more then 24 hours and he regained the strength to offer his salaat with ishaarah,  then he should make qadha with ishaarah. He should not have this in mind that when  he recovers completely, only them will he make his qadha. If he passes away (without having made qadha) he will die as a sinner.
  9. Similarly, if a normal healthy person becomes unconscious and remains in this state for less then 24 hours, it will be wajib for him to make qadha of the salaat that he missed. But if he remained unconscious for more then 24 hours, he will not have to make qadha.
  10. When a person commenced his salaat, he was normal and healthy. However,  while in salaat, one of his nerves got pinched and he was unable to stand up. He should therefore sit down and offer the remainder of his salaat, and if he can, he should also male ruku amd sajdah. But if he cannot, then he should make them with ishaarah of his head. But if his condition is such that he does not even have the strength to sit down, he should lie down and complete the remainder of his salaat.
  11. Because of some sickness, a person offered part of his salaat sitting down and also made the ruku in the place of ruku and sajdah in the place of sajdah. Thereafter he re overed in that very salaat. He should therefore stand up n complete the remainder of his salaat.
  12. A person did not have the strength to make ruku amd sajdah because of sickness and therefore made ishaarah with his head. In the course of his salaat he felt better and was able to make ruku and sajdah- this salaat will become invalid. He should not complete it. Instead, he should repeat this salaat.

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